Poisoning a dog and a cat with means for insects, rodents, snails [first aid
First aid for poisoning in dogs and cats
Is your pet a creature curious about the world? You know that he knows him mainly through his best developed sense, i.e. the sense of smell and very often the sense of taste?
Unfortunately, it happens that this can be the cause of unpleasant incidents and moments of terror, especially when the animal tastes things that are not intended for consumption.
A common phenomenon in the summer - spring period, when the owners actively care for their plots and gardens, fight insects and rodents or snails - their pets become victims.
Recently I have had many such cases, so in the following article I will try to summarize in a few sentences the scheme of conduct that we should take in these stressful and emergency cases, such as animal poisoning.
After reading it, you will also know what are the symptoms of poisoning with agents for insects, rodents and snails and what are the risks associated with it.
- The way of exposure to the poison
- What if the animal had contact with the poison?
- Insecticides (including pyrethrins and pyrethroids)
- Symptoms of poisoning dogs and cats with insecticides
- First aid in case of poisoning with insecticides
- Molluscicides (including metaldehyde)
- Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with snail remedy
- First aid for poisoning with slugicides
- Poisoning with anticoagulant rodenticides (coumarins)
- Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with rodent poison
- First aid after ingestion of rodent poison
- Brometalin poisoning
- Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with rat poison containing brometalin
- What can you do when your pet has eaten rat poison with brometalin
- Poisoning with herbicides - plant protection products
- Symptoms of poisoning dogs and cats with herbicides
- Treatment of poisoning with herbicides
- My pet ate the poison what to do?
The way of exposure to the poison
You may not realize how many things are harmful to your pet.
As Paracelsus says:
Everything is poison and nothing is poison, because only dose makes poison
Therefore, we should prevent or even prevent situations in which our animals may be exposed to the poison.
It is very important that all plant protection products, insecticides and all preparations used seasonally in our garden are kept tightly closed in places inaccessible to animals.
These preparations often have an attractive scent not only for unwanted insects, but also for your four-legged pet.
Even after taking the above precautions, we should make every effort to ensure that our animals do not come into contact with the places where they were used for the next few days.
What if the animal had contact with the poison?What if the animal had contact with the poison?
In the event of the possibility of contact or ingestion by an animal of a substance harmful to its health, or even life-threatening, the most important thing is to remain calm and common sense.
In a situation where we suspect or witness that our animal is in danger, it is urgent to contact a veterinarian. Especially when we do not know what action to take.
After direct ingestion of the toxic substances, the animal may behave normally for some time, until the poisonous substances begin to be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
The first symptoms of poisoning may appear at different times - it all depends on the poison ingested.
Insecticides (including pyrethrins and pyrethroids)Poisoning the animal with an insecticide
The source of these hazardous substances are insecticides used in the control of fleas in the form of sprays.
They are also in:
- topical preparations, i.e. "Spot on ".
The action of pyrethrins and pyrethroids is to increase the permeability of sodium through the membrane of the nerve cell.
Symptoms of poisoning dogs and cats with insecticides
The symptoms of poisoning are caused by paralysis of the central nervous system.
They can manifest as:
- motor incoherence,
- excessive salivation,
- strong tremors throughout the body.
Cats can often flap their ears, shake their paws and act as if they are wet when they come into contact with these substances.
The prognosis is usually positive, but the help of a veterinarian is necessary.
First aid in case of poisoning with insecticides
If the poisonous agent comes into contact with the skin, remove the toxic substance from the skin and mucous membranes as soon as possible using plenty of water, and if necessary with the addition of a small amount of washing-up liquid or baby shampoo.
You can also bathe the whole animal in warm soapy water, taking care not to cool the patient, and use gloves to protect yourself.
If the animal has licked off the preparation and no more than 2 hours and the patient does not show clinical symptoms and if the product is eaten, it does not contain petroleum substances, induce vomiting.
In home conditions, it should be given 3% hydrogen peroxide i.e. hydrogen peroxide in quantity 1-2 ml / kg body weight of the animal.
The fluid should be poured slowly.
In order to avoid choking, we direct the stream of liquid on the inside of the cheek.
After each dose of hydrogen peroxide, we wait approx 30 seconds, then we serve the next portion.
Vomiting should happen within 15 minutes.
If inducing vomiting is unsuccessful, your veterinarian may perform gastric lavage.
After that, it is recommended to administer activated charcoal in a dose 1-5 g / kg body weight of the animal orally.
In case of pyrethrin or pyrethroid poisoning, this should be repeated every 6 hours for 24 hours.
30 minutes after giving the charcoal, we should give it to the animal Laxatives to alter the absorption of poisonous substances from the gastrointestinal tract.
It is absolutely necessary to take the animal to the veterinarian in order to continue the rescue operation and implement conservative treatment.
Molluscicides (including metaldehyde)Snail poisoning
Poisoning can occur after eating poison, but also after eating a poisoned snail.
The clinical signs of poisoning occur overnight 1-4 hours from exposure to a toxic substance.
Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with snail remedy
- muscle tremors,
- nystagmus in cats,
- pupil dilation,
- diarrhea and vomiting may occur.
As poisoning develops, it appears high fever in a patient, even up to 42˚C.
As a result of developing metabolic acidosis and respiratory failure, the animal may die.
First aid for poisoning with slugicides
As with pyrethrins and pyrethroids poisoning, it should be provoke vomiting.
Oral administration of milk is also recommended, provided that ingestion of the poison has not occurred in the past 60 minutes and the patient is asymptomatic.
Milk reduces the absorption of poison from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream.
Then it should be given to the animal activated charcoal.
Thirty minutes from the use of coal, we should use salt and osmotic Laxatives, unless you have severe diarrhea.
The prognosis is favorable to cautious, therefore the animal should be immediately referred to a veterinarian for the control of fever and supportive and symptomatic treatment.
Poisoning with anticoagulant rodenticides (coumarins)
These agents are used in poisoning rodents such as rats.
They reduce the production of clotting factors,
Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with rodent poison
- blood coagulation disorders in the form of subcutaneous haemorrhages,
- bleeding when passing stools and urine,
- bleeding gums and nose,
- slow heart rate until blood circulation stops completely, which can eventually lead to death.
First aid after ingestion of rodent poison
Provision of first aid, as in the above examples, consists in inducing vomiting in order to get rid of the poison from the body.
Then I recommend giving activated charcoal, which should be repeated cabout 3-4 hours and administration of laxatives, e.g. sorbitol.
The antidote in this case is vitamin K1 (available for oral and parenteral administration).
It is absolutely necessary to see a veterinarian in order to implement conservative treatment, fluid therapy and control the patient's condition.
The prognosis depends on the type of poison ingested, its quantity, the time from ingestion to examination and treatment, as well as the severity of symptoms at the time of examination by a veterinarian.
Brometalin poisoningPoisoning the animal with rat poison
Brometalin poisoning, the source of which are also rat poison causes neurological symptoms associated with disturbances in the functioning of the central nervous system.
Paralysis of the respiratory muscles is usually the cause of the animal's death.
The prognosis is cautious to unfavorable as even a very small amount of poison eaten can be fatal.
Symptoms of dog and cat poisoning with rat poison containing brometalin
- seizures and cramps.
- vomiting and diarrhea may occur.
Acute symptoms can be a consequence swelling of the brain.
In addition, the animal may adopt an unnaturally rigid body posture, which may be accompanied by paresis and paralysis.
What can you do when your pet has eaten rat poison with brometalin
The procedure as in the examples described above should be based on:
- provoking vomiting,
- application activated carbon,
- application laxatives given on 30 minutes before feeding the coal.
The animal should be immediately taken to the veterinary clinic.
Poisoning with herbicides - plant protection products
The main reasons for poisoning animals with herbicides can be:
- accidental ingestion of the preparation
- drinking the solution prepared for use,
- eating contaminated feed,
- eating plants after applying herbicides (e.g. non-observance of the grace period).
Herbicides irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes as well as the digestive and respiratory tract when in contact with the poison.
In addition, they damage the central nervous system and parenchymal organs such as the liver and kidneys.
They are irritating locally and may cause allergies.
In high doses, they can depress the central nervous system.
Symptoms of poisoning dogs and cats with herbicides
- vomiting ,
Treatment of poisoning with herbicides
There is no specific antidote and treatment is symptomatic.
In food poisoning, it is administered emetic means, adsorbing and laxative.
The effects of poisoning can be long-term and the liver may even change 10 months after consuming the poison.
My pet ate the poison what to do?My pet ate the poison - what to do?
Regardless of the type of poisonous substance ingested by the animal, consult a veterinarian immediately!
When preparing for a visit to the clinic or for a telephone call, if possible, provide the doctor with the following information:
- Type or name of the consumed substance, composition of the preparation. It is extremely helpful to present the package to the physician.
- The time that has elapsed since the pet was exposed to the poison.
- An estimate of the amount of a given substance consumed by the animal.
- Symptoms of poisoning observed by the owner prior to arrival at the clinic.
- Emergency aid provided and antidotes used.
I hope that I was able to introduce you to the abbreviated procedure for providing first aid in the event of poisoning in your pet.
You have any questions related to poisoning? Ask them now in the comment below the post. I will answer each of them.
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