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Japanese Terrier: description, nature and diseases [veterinarian's recommendations

Dog of breed Japanese Terrier | Source: Wikipedia

  • History of the Japanese Terrier
  • Japanese terrier character
  • Japanese terrier appearance
  • Japanese terrier grooming
  • Japanese terrier feeding
  • Japanese terrier disease
    • Lens dislocation
    • Legg Perthes Calve disease
  • Is it worth choosing a Japanese terrier??

History of the Japanese Terrier

The Japanese Terrier, also known as Nihon Teria, Nippon Terrier, Mikado Terrier and Oyuki Terrier, is a rare breed today, originating in 17th century Japan. It is believed that the breed was created as a result of crossing local small dogs with those brought to the port of Nagasaki from the Netherlands and Great Britain - mainly the smooth-haired fox terrier and pinscher breeds. These crosswords had a rather heterogeneous physiognomy, and the specimens with the best features were called Kobe Terriers. Around 1916. near Kobe, a dog named Kuro was born, meaning "black " formed from the combination of English Toy Terriers and Toy Bull Terriers imported from the west. By mating his offspring with the Kobe Terriers, a short-haired and slender dog was obtained, known to us today as the Japanese Terrier, which soon became popular throughout the Cherry Blossom Country, mainly as a companion dog and possibly for exterminating small domestic pests. The final standard of the nihon teria breed was accepted by the Japan Kennel Club in 1930, and by the FCI in 1973. In 1932, the Nihon Teria Club was founded in Japan, chaired by Tamura Kikujiro. The race was decimated after World War II. Today we will meet its representatives in the hands of a few Japanese terrier breeders, mainly in the country of origin.

According to the FCI classification, the Japanese Terrier breed belongs to group 3.

Japanese terrier character

The Japanese Terrier is a dog with a happy and lively disposition. In relation to strangers he is a bit aloof, but extremely effusive when in contact with the owner. He needs a lot of attention and tenderness, which he often demands himself and is sometimes jealous. Due to his sensitivity, he has a tendency to be overprotective of his family, which he will defend, even if the situation does not fully require it. He also does not like loneliness and boredom, so leaving him alone for a long time will make him behave destructively. He will be happy to spend half a day adored on his beloved lap's lap, as long as he will be able to spend the other half actively. Due to its small size, it is suitable for apartments, and for a daily dose of exercise, a long walk or playing on the catwalk is enough. In order to minimize symptoms of shyness or possessiveness in adult animals, puppies should undergo consistent socialization from the first weeks of life.

Japanese terrier appearance

The size and weight of the Japanese terrier

The Japanese Terrier is a dog with a compact, square shape and elegant build.

The size of the Japanese terrierThe height at the withers of an adult dog is approx. 30 - 33 cm
Japanese terrier weightThe dog's body weight is 3-4 kg
Nihon teria size and weight

Japanese Terrier breed description of the Japanese Terrier

HeadHead moderately flat and narrow with a slightly defined stop.
Ridge of the noseSimple, finished with a black truffle.
EyesMedium size, oval in shape and dark in color.
EarsV-shaped ears, drooping forward.
NeckStraight, no dewlap.
RidgeCompact with high withers.
ChestDeep with well rounded ribs.
Loins and croupSlightly arched and the belly tucked up.
TailThin, copied. Legs straight, moderately angulated.
PawsCompact with flexible pads and dark claws.
Japanese terrier breed description

The color of the Japanese terriers

The coat of this dog breed is smooth and shiny, approx. 2 mm. Color tricolor - black and tan head with white markings or white with black patches. Body color white with black or tan markings.

Japanese terrier grooming

Japanese Terrier short hair care is basically essential. Brush the coat once a week with a soft brush or glove to remove dead hair and give it a healthy and shiny appearance. We bathe the dog as needed. Periodically, we shorten the claws and clean the dog's ears if necessary. Every day we brush the pet's teeth with a special toothpaste and brush. We get the dog used to all these activities from the first months of life.

Japanese terrier feeding

In the nutrition of nihon teria, we can use ready-made dog food or prepare the dog's meals ourselves, remembering about the appropriate balance of nutrients.

Japanese terrier disease

Japanese Terriers are a relatively healthy breed and, according to numerous sources, we find a predisposition to two diseases, which are:

Lens dislocation

Primary lens dislocation is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner in terriers. The disease is essentially the displacement of the lens into the anterior or posterior chamber of the eye due to the rupture of the ligamentous apparatus that supports it. The first symptoms can be seen in dogs approx. 1.5 years. Additionally, the disease may be accompanied by:.in. corneal swelling and iritis. Diagnostics is based on a direct ophthalmological examination with the use of an ophthalmoscope, where the position of the lens is checked through the pupil. There are also genetic tests with the help of which it is possible to identify the carriers of the defective gene and appropriate selection of future breeding pairs. Treatment should be started immediately due to the rapidly spreading inflammation and increase in intraocular pressure. It often involves the removal of the dislocated lens or sometimes even the entire eyeball.

Legg Perthes Calve disease

Legg Perthes Calve disease, also known as aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, is the disturbance of the vascularization of this structure during the formation and formation of bones and cartilages. Due to ischemia, foci of local necrosis and deformation of the femoral head occur. The first symptoms are most often observed in puppies aged approx. 4 - 7 months. The dog shows lameness and soreness in the area of ​​the affected joint. X-ray examination and clinical examination are used for diagnostics. Treatment consists in performing an operation - resection of the femoral head.

Is it worth choosing a Japanese terrier??

Japanese Terrier is a dog from Japan, which will be a good companion for families with children and people who will be able to spend a lot of time contact with the dog, because these animals do not tolerate loneliness and like to be in the center of attention. Nihon teria is the so-called. dogs of one master, whom they follow step by step and can snap back when someone wants to steal this master from them. Nihon teria are alert and sound the alarm at the slightest noise that they may perceive as a danger to their family. Due to the rarity of the Nihon teria breed, acquiring a puppy is not the easiest thing. At the moment, there is an FCI kennel in Poland, but the availability of Japanese terrier puppies is limited. The best chance is to bring a nihon teria dog from abroad, which, however, is associated with quite high costs.

How many years do Japanese terriers live?

The life span of Japanese Terriers is approximately 12 years.

Do Japanese Terriers like children?

Yes, Japanese Terriers will be good companions for families with children.

Are Japanese Terriers suitable for living in a block of flats??

Yes, due to the small size of the terriers, dogs of this breed are suitable for housing.

How much companion dogs of this breed weigh?

Small dogs of this breed weigh about 3-4 kg.

Sources used >>

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