Siberian Husky: character, care and predisposition to diseases
The origins of the breed Siberian Husky go back 3,000 years, when in Eastern Siberia Husky dogs were used by peoples living there to pull sleds with equipment or hunted animals.
Durable and strong, they could work for hours without stopping over long distances.
In the 20th century, they were brought by a Russian merchant to Alaska to participate in sled races, and because they had no equal in this competition, they quickly began to gain popularity.
The Norwegian researcher Roald Amundsen intended to take them on an expedition to the North Pole, but his plans were thwarted by the outbreak of the war and the dogs found their way to Leonard Seppala, who regularly ran them in races and ran a breeding farm aimed at unifying the exterior of the breed.
His Huskies also became the heroes of the town of Nome and all of America when in 1925. during the diphtheria epidemic that prevails there, they traveled over 1000 km in snow and drifts with mussels, carrying a vaccine against this disease for residents.
To commemorate this event, a bronze monument was erected in Central Park depicting a husky dog on a hill, which is to be the image of Balto - the last dog from this relay race.
Race today Siberian Husky it is equally popular and has its fans all over the world, often among apartment owners in blocks of flats, which may not always please the neighbors ?
But why? About this further…
- Husky character
- Husky breed description
- Husky care
- Husky disease
- Chronic superficial keratitis
- Zinc-dependent dermatosis
- Hair follicle dysplasia
- Discoloration of the nose mirror
- Discoid lupus
- Dermatological and choroidal syndrome
- Displaced ureters
- Larynx paralysis
- Is it worth choosing a husky dog?
Husky characterSiberian husky character
Husky is a dog with quite a specific character that could be written about for a long time.
Patient, intelligent and outgoing on the one hand, and stubborn, unpredictable and difficult to train on the other.
He has an explorer nature and is very fond of exploring the area.
Haszczak also run away, during which, thanks to their endurance, they can distance themselves from home by up to several kilometers.
They are very active dogs that need a lot of exercise and play.
If we satisfy their basic need, we should sleep well, without worrying about the condition of our accommodation.
Husky because when they get bored, they can quickly find a job that is most often associated with the destruction of home furnishings.
They are also very "talkative " and make a whole lot of different sounds "talking " with the guardian, with each other or when they are lonely.
They are also very loud, so if left alone in the apartment for many hours, a bored husky can be a real nightmare for the neighbors.
Husky breed descriptionHusky breed description
- Husky is a medium-sized dog (the height of the male at the withers is 54 - 60 cm with a weight of 20 - 27 kg, females 51 - 60 cm with a weight of 16 - 23 kg) with a distinct, sporty and muscular figure.
- The head with a rounded top tapers towards the eyes and has a distinctive pattern, the variety of which is unheard of in other breeds. Often just this drawing you can at first glance distinguish a Husky from an Alaskan Malamute.
- The muzzle is of the same length as the skull, and the stop is clearly defined.
- Husky eyes they are almond-shaped, with a sharp expression, slightly slanting, in the color of a blue, brown or honey iris. It can also occur in dogs of this breed heterochromia, that is, the variegated color of the irises.
- Triangular, erect, set high ears.
- The neck is arched, stretched forward while running.
- The torso is compact, the loin is well-muscled, the croup is straight.
- Chest proportionally wide and deep.
- The tail is set high, densely hairy, in the shape of a fox putty, carried high in motion and lowered when at rest.
- FOREQUARTERS: Forelegs parallel and strong, with the pastern slightly directed anteriorly. The hind legs are well angulated at the knee joints and the tarsal joints are set low.
- The paws are referred to as the so-called. "Snow dog's paws " - oval, tight and well hairy between the pads and in the spaces between the fingers.
Moving Siberian Husky it is casual, fast and elegant.
It is characteristic to put the paws in one line while running, under the longitudinal axis of the body, so that the marks left by individual limbs coincide with each other.
The hair cover is made of two layers.
The undercoat is dense and soft, and the topcoat is longer and straight.
Various colors of the coat are allowed, from black, through gray and brown to white.
The limbs and abdomen are always a lighter shade.
According to the FCI classification, Siberian Husky belongs to group 5.
As with almost any breed, the word care mainly comes down to the coat.
Huskies shed in a rather characteristic, intense way, shedding the entire undercoat in clumps.
Unfortunately, it is associated with the necessity of combing it often during this period and the fact that down hair will fly all over the house and stick to everything, so black velvet sofas or dark carpets are not the best idea for a husky ?
Husky diseaseSiberian husky disease
It is a disease that results from a reduced outflow of aqueous humor from the eyeball, which causes an increase in intraocular pressure, degeneration of the retina and the optic nerve.
Glaucoma may affect one or both eyes.
The predictive factor is the pigmented tissue on the iris at the base of the cornea.
Acute glaucoma is manifested by:
- hyperemia of subdural vessels,
- enlargement and painfulness of the eyeball,
- lack of pupil response to light.
Chronic glaucoma is manifested by:
- enlargement of the eyeball,
- lens dislocation,
- retinal degeneration,
- concavity of the optic disc.
Chronic superficial keratitis
It is a progressive inflammatory disease that can lead to blindness.
It affects both eyeballs, and the increased exposure to ultraviolet light is considered a predisposing factor.
It manifests itself in dogs of different ages the disappearance of the translucency of the cornea as a result of her vascularization and pigmentation.
In dogs that develop symptoms between 1 and 3 years of age, they often worsen rapidly.
In older dogs, the disease is milder.Treatment is based on the topical application of immunosuppressants and systematic monitoring of the eye condition. Often it must be carried out throughout life.
It is a condition related to zinc deficiency or difficult absorption.
Two types of zinc-dependent dermatosis have been described:
- Type I - found in dogs of northern breeds, i.e.in. at the husky
- Type II - occurs in dogs of large breeds
In huskies, symptoms are mainly observed in young dogs of age from 1 to 3 years.
The changes appear in the form of flaking scales and pustules, and local alopecia occurs.
These changes are most often symmetrical and appear:
- around the eyes,
- on the chin,
- on the lips,
- on the auricles,
- less often on the elbows or external genitalia.
Diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical symptoms and histopathological examination of the skin section.
Treatment consists of supplementing oral or intravenous zinc sulphate preparations, often for life.
Hair follicle dysplasia
It is a disease characterized by progressive alopecia due to impaired hair growth.
Symptoms of hair follicle dysplasia include:
- hair thinning,
- dry and dull hair,
- altered hair color.
In the case of dogs husky the disease is the most common in a few puppies in a litter and it is already showing in dogs a few weeks old.
Hair on the sides of the body falls out and becomes brownish red in color.
After being pulled out or cut, the hair does not grow back.
This disease is of a cosmetic nature and often treatment (in the form of preparations with biotin, zinc and omega acids) does not bring the expected effect.
Discoloration of the nose mirror
It consists in the disappearance of melanocytes within the nasal mirror, which leads to a gradual change in its color - first it becomes brown, then gray, and finally it becomes completely discolored.
It may appear seasonal and does not require treatment.
This disease begins with the discoloration of the nasal mirror, followed by the loss of the structure of the so-called. "Cobblestones " and the truffle of the nose becomes smooth.
Then, pustules form, which also cover the skin on the bridge of the nose.
The final diagnosis is made on the basis of a histopathological examination of the skin section.
Treatment of less advanced cases consists of limiting exposure to the sun, using sunscreen, ointments with steroids and vitamin E.
More advanced conditions most often require the administration of immunosuppressive drugs orally.
Dermatological and choroidal syndrome
It is a condition of unknown etiology manifested by uveitis and discoloration of the nasal mirror and skin around the eyes and lips as a result of an autoimmune reaction.
The disease is acute.
At first, sudden bulging of the eyes is observed, followed by skin changes.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of a histopathological examination of a section of the changed skin.
Untreated or treated animals develop blindness, therefore immunosuppressive therapy should be started as early as possible.Some dogs require lifetime glucocorticoid treatment to maintain remission.
It is a developmental defect consisting in an alteration of the opening of the ureters that end their course directly in the vagina or urethra, bypassing the bladder sphincter muscle.
This condition manifests itself urinary incontinence already u puppies several weeks old, however, it is most often seen in animals of approx. ten-month-olds.
In males, it can be seen only at the age of 9.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of urography, and treatment is surgical reimplantation.
It is a congenital defect involving the disturbance of the function of motor neurons in the larynx, which impairs the work of the laryngeal cartilages and vocal folds.
The first symptoms appear in 4 - 6 months of age, initially as a loss of voice, then:
- exercise intolerance.
The diagnosis is made with endoscopic examination.Emergency treatment during an attack in the form of sedatives, steroids and oxygen therapy, while in animals with severe symptoms, the treatment of choice is surgery.
Is it worth choosing a husky dog??Is it worth choosing a husky dog??
They say a husky is not a dog - it's a lifestyle ?
So the question we have to ask ourselves is not whether the husky is ready for us, but whether we are ready for it?
Undoubtedly, by deciding to buy a dog of this breed, we will gain a faithful companion for all our escapades, trips and all other activities that we undertake in everyday life.
An intelligent, cheerful and faithful friend who will accompany us always and everywhere.
But each medal has two sides, so we too must make sure that we are able to satisfy the basic desires and instincts deeply rooted in his psyche so that enjoying each other's company is mutual.
Husky does not need a lot of space, it can easily cope in an apartment, as long as we provide it with a sufficient daily dose of exercise and as long as it does not stay at home alone for hours.
A bored dog will be more difficult to train and can become our nuisance.
Rather, it is not suitable for pedants and people who attach great importance to order, because his hair will fly almost everywhere.
In Poland and in the world, sled races and sports are becoming more and more popular, in which the dog feels like a fish in the water. After all, that's what his ancestors did, and that's where the call of nature draws him.
This does not mean, of course, that someone who does not professionally drive sleds cannot have such a dog, but an active person will be the best guardian of a breed dog Siberian Husky.
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