Dog Probiotic: Types, Effects, and Prices of Dog Probiotics
Bacteria are everywhere.
They are not all harmful.
Some of them are (like for example probiotic bacteria) necessary to maintain the body's physiology, have a beneficial effect on the body:
- support digestion (alleviating the symptoms of lactose intolerance associated with the lack of enzymes that break down disaccharides - then there is impaired absorption leading to diarrhea),
- accelerate the inhibition of bacterial, viral or even stress-related diarrhea, e.g.in. displace unfavorable bacteria that cause disease symptoms,
- protect the stomach - limit the excessive growth of the harmful bacteria Helicobacter Pylori, which are involved in the formation of ulcers and facilitate cancer mutation of the mucosa cells of this important organ (cancer prophylaxis),
- stimulate the body's immunity - the intestines are a place where germs go along with food and thanks to the protection of beneficial flora, they do not penetrate the body,
- increase the absorption of vitamins and minerals,
- lower cholesterol,
- have the ability to synthesize some B vitamins, vitamin K, folic acid,
- are recommended for constipation (regulation of intestinal peristalsis),
- they protect against antibiotics and deworming,
- reduce urea concentrations in chronic renal failure,
- reduce excessive gas production in the intestines, flatulence (if our dog gives unpleasant farts, it is worth giving him a prophylactic probiotic to normalize the intestinal bacterial flora),
- show antiallergic activity,
- protect against bone demineralization.
In periods when the amount of beneficial bacterial flora in the body is threatened, e.g. with oral antibiotic therapy or the state of reduced absorption from the intestines, e.g. with diseases of the digestive tract it is advisable to use probiotics.
In this article you will find out which ones dog probiotics worth using and why.
- What are dog probiotics?
- Dog probiotics - types and prices
- Foods containing prebiotics
- Human Dog Probiotic
- How and what the dog digests?
- A natural probiotic for your dog
What are dog probiotics?
Dog probiotics are preparations or food products that contain single or mixed cultures of live microorganisms.What are dog probiotics?
A similar sounding name is prebiotics that is, non-digestible food ingredients that stimulate the growth or activity of beneficial bacteria present in the large intestine.
Prebiotics may be:
- undigested starch,
- polysaccharides (pectins, guar and oat gums),
The most attention is paid to saccharides from the group of inulin and fructosooligosaccharides, which are found in, among others, wheat, onions, garlic, bananas, chicory, leeks, asparagus (these products are not suitable for feeding our little friends).
These products are selectively digested by bifidobacteria and cause a significant increase in them in the intestine.
Mannano-oligosaccharides (MOS) and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are carbohydrates, a fraction of dietary fiber, commonly used in dog food.
Sometimes they are also called prebiotics.
They are fermented by the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the large intestine, to short-chain fatty acids, which are the main source of energy for the colon cells - colonocytes.
In addition, FOS and MOS can increase the number of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria and reduce the amount of putrid compounds (phenols and indoles) produced in the large intestine (Swanson 2002).
Prebiotics have the ability to lower the pH of the stool, which in turn leads to stimulating the growth of bacteria that have a beneficial effect in the gastrointestinal tract, while limiting the growth of potentially harmful bacteria, such as Clostridium perfringens.
They also modify the amount of microflora in the digestive tract and facilitate the absorption of nutrients.
What is also extremely important, MOS can stimulate the local immunity of the mucous membranes of the large intestine by increasing specific IgA antibodies (Middlebos et al., 2007).
Products and preparations that contain side by side prebiotics and probiotics this synbiotics.
The most commonly used probiotic bacteria in dogs are:
- Lactobacillus acidophilus,
- Lactobacillus casei,
- Bifidobacterium termophilus.
Dog probiotics - types and pricesDog probiotics - types and prices
Probiotics in veterinary medicine they are recommended in disorders of the gastrointestinal microflora (diarrhea, deworming, oral antibiotic therapy), in young puppies and kittens during the growth period, prone to constipation.
Probiotics come in the form of:
- as ingredients of ready-made feeds.
Depending on the case, consultation with a veterinarian is necessary.
Examples of probiotic preparations with approximate prices and example dosages:
- Bioprotect - capsules approx PLN 50 for 60 capsules - synbiotic.
- antibiotic therapy - 1 capsule a day (up to 7 days after the end of therapy),
- growing animals - 1 capsule a day by 20 days,
- diarrhea, tendency to constipation - 2 capsules a day by 10 days,
- after deworming - 1 capsule a day by 7 days.
- Aptus Aptobalance - powder - synbiotic 41 zlotys for 180g.
The dosage is approx 3g a day for a week to be mixed with the feed.
- Dolvit Probiotic - tablets PLN 21 for 60 tablets.
Dosage: 1/2 tablet a day.
- Vetfood Intestivet Gel 15 ml 36 pln.
- In dogs, 2 - 3 times a day, depending on the age and size of the dog:
- puppies over 3 kg 1 ml,
- small breed dogs (up to 5 kg) 2 ml,
- medium breed dogs (6-15 kg) 3ml,
- large breed dogs (16-30kg) 5ml.
- In cats:
- growing cats: 1 ml, 1 or 2 times a day,
- adult cats: 1-2 ml, once or twice a day.
- In dogs, 2 - 3 times a day, depending on the age and size of the dog:
- Prokolin Plus 15 or 30ml for 30 or 38 PLN.
Kittens and puppies - 1-2 ml two or three times a day.
Adult dogs - 2-5 ml two or three times a day.
- Vetfood Flora Balance 15 capsules 20 PLN, 60 capsules 57 PLN.
Dosage: ½ capsules a day.
- Dolfos Probiotic Paste 50 g for 35 PLN.
Dosage: administer 2-4 g twice a day (1 teaspoon = 6 g).
- Purina Veterinary Diets FortiFlora 30 X 1 g (Canine version for dogs and Cat version for cats about PLN 100 per package).
Foods containing prebioticsFoods containing prebiotics
Dog food with prebiotics
- Royal Canin Gatrointestinal - by buying 14 kg it costs about PLN 17 per kilogram with a smaller package, it costs more, it is available in veterinary clinics and pet stores or online.
Recommended for inflammation of the intestines, digestive disorders (especially the Low Fat version) - wet food in cans also available.
- Royal Canin Dog Fiber Response - with diarrhea.
- Eukanuba Intestinal Formula.
- Eukanuba Adult Breed Specific German Shepherd PLN 11.60 per kg.
- Mera Dog Care High Premium Refenrence PLN 9.
- Taste of the Wild Southwest Canyon PLN 20 for 1 kg.
- Belcando Adult Multi-Croc PLN 13.
- Belcando Junior Lamb & Rice.
- Pro Plan Medium Puppy Optidigest PLN 13 per kg.
- Trainer Natural Adult Medium Prosciutto.
- Fitmin Medium Performance Program.
- Optimanova Adult Digestive Rabbit & Potatoes.
- proCani green rumen - as a delicacy from time to time.
Cat food with prebiotics
- Royal Canin Gatrointestinal - also available wet food in cans and sachets.
- Royal Canin Cat Fiber Response - with constipation.
- Sanabelle karma PLN 24.09 per kilogram.
- Applaws Adult PLN 32.00 per kg.
- Eukanuba Healthy Start Kitten PLN 22 per kg.
- Bozita Feline Grain Free Single Protein Chicken PLN 32 for 1 kg.
Veterinary food (Royal Canine Veterinaey Diets, Eukanuba Veterinary Diets) are medicinal, which means that their use should always be consulted with a veterinarian.
When feeding these foods, it is necessary to check-up at least once every six months, and in case of deterioration of the animal's condition, consult immediately.
There are contraindications to the use of specialized feeds.
For example - contraindications to the use of Royal Canin Gastro Intestinal:
- Pancreatitis or a history of pancreatitis.
- Lymphangiectasia - a rare disease involving widening of the lymphatic vessels in the intestines.
- Hepatic encephalopathy.
- Other medical conditions where a low-fat diet is recommended.
Human Dog ProbioticHuman Dog Probiotic
If the doctor recommends a few days of gastrointestinal protection with antibiotic therapy, we can reach for human probiotic.
In case of chronic diarrhea, it is best to use targeted veterinary preparations.
The bacterial flora of each organism differs from each other due to the different type of food consumed.
Dogs and cats are carnivores (digestive tract adaptation, humans are omnivores).
Herbivores differ from carnivores in the so-called fermentation factor - the greater the ability to extract nutrients from plant matter, the higher this factor.
Our little furry friends have this factor lower.
Dogs still have tons of traits that make them completely carnivorous:
- Dogs, like many large carnivorous mammals, are able to metabolically survive long intervals between meals,
- dog teeth are adapted to a carnivorous diet (adapted to tearing muscles, gnawing bones, eating marrow),
- many of their innate behavior are indicative of carnivorousness; let's consider the example of burying food, which is the same as the behavior of wolves - we will experience it many times in our gardens when our Reksio buries food for himself "for later ".
The dog has adaptive metabolism, it is because of living in the company of man for millennia.
Therefore, the dog is able to digest a diet based on grains and plants - as is the case with commercial nutrition.
Just because dogs are a domestic species with an adaptive metabolism that allows them to function as omnivores does not mean that they are by nature not true carnivores (Dr. Patty Kully).
How and what the dog digests?How and what the dog digests?
The dog has 10 more teeth than we do - 42 teeth - 20 in the upper jaw and 22 in the lower jaw.
They are generally given the same names as human teeth (incisors, canines, premolars and molars).
The last premolar in the upper jaw and the first molar in the lower jaw are called breakers.
Large conical fangs are used to tear food apart, and the lumpy, flat surface of molars and premolars is used to crush food.
Chewing food is also prevented by the specific structure of the temporomandibular joint, resembling a human knee joint.
The jaws of dogs cannot move sideways, but only strongly downwards, which allows tearing large pieces - unlike humans :).
The food in the mouth is swallowed almost instantly in large bites.
They are contained in much greater amounts than in human saliva mucins, they are effective in reducing friction (sticking), and the esophagus itself is highly muscular and quite stretchy.
Which, of course, does not mean that the bone or other food cannot get stuck in our friend's esophagus - so be careful when choosing the size of the meal for your dog.
Importantly, the dog's saliva does not perform the digestive function (as it does in humans), it does not contain the enzyme amylase that hydrolyzes starch, and ultimately into maltose.
Maltose is a great breeding ground for bacteria that cause tooth decay, which happens in humans.
From the esophagus, food enters the stomach, which is much more flexible in dogs than in humans, but also to some extent.
Let's not forget about the disease of a dog's stomach twist, i.e. an increase in its volume and twist around its axis as a result of consuming an excessive amount of food.Then, the content is gasified and the pet's life is at risk.
The composition of the gastric juice of humans and dogs is similar, but the pH of the dog is much lower.
It is an adaptation to eating raw food usually contaminated with bacteria and dissolving large pieces of food, including bones (imagine, like in a chemistry lesson in primary school, that you throw a bone into a HCl solution with pH 1-2 - let's think what will happen to it).
However, when there is an excess of these bones, there is a digestive problem due to the insufficient amount of gastric juice.
Due to the acidic pH, dogs can eat rotten things buried in the ground, for example.
Of course, more sensitive breeds can react with diarrhea to a change in dry food (especially small breeds) - it cannot be generalized.
Compared to what it looks like in humans, food remains in a dog's stomach for a very long time (the average time it takes to empty it is 3-4 hours), few bacteria have a chance to survive in such an acidic environment.
Contrary to the human stomach of a dog, it produces juice much more effectively when we give food 1-2 times a day in larger portions than when we feed more often, but in small portions.
Stimulating all gastric glands in a dog for secretion requires proper filling.
Dogs that receive these "full rations" need about 20-30% less food compared to those that are fed more frequently but do not fill the stomach sufficiently.
The content passing from the stomach to the duodenum appears as a watery paste.
The duodenum is the most important part of the small intestine.
The pancreatic duct flows into it.
It is also secreted into the duodenum bile, produced by the liver and dissolving fat.
It is only in the duodenum that starch is broken down due to the amylase produced by the pancreas.
A dog's pancreas is smaller than that of a human.
Increases amylase secretion in response to the increase in starch content in food, but not as effectively as in humans.Therefore, you should avoid giving animals fatty meat, because in this way we can colloquially say "overwork of the pancreas " and its inflammation.
Further, the food goes to the small intestines where nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream and the waste products penetrate further into the large intestine and are excreted as feces outside.
The decomposition of sucrose and lactose (milk sugar) is also ineffective in dogs, which, with their high content in food, may cause intense, strong-smelling "wind ", flatulence and diarrhea (bacterial decomposition and fermentation).
A natural probiotic for your dogA natural probiotic for your dog
Dogs naturally, like us, have a useful colon probiotic bacteria.
The best thing you can do is nourish them, so give prebiotic foods that contain insoluble fiber and fermented foods.
Such food naturally contributes to the improvement and maintenance of the necessary probiotic flora in the large intestine.
Dog intestinal probiotics they will remain fully active and able to do their job.Prebiotics should also be given to dogs at first slowly and in small doses to avoid stomach upset if the dog is not used to fibrous and acidic foods!
The following can be added to dog food prebiotic foods:
- green leafy vegetables,
- some herbs (dandelion leaves are especially recommended),
- vegetables (also pickled, such as: sauerkraut and cucumbers, chopped or grated).
Goat's milk is good too, but it has to be raw.
This milk is rich in natural probiotics and has very little lactose (the sugar found in cow's milk), so it does not cause digestive problems (diarrhea) in dogs due to excess sugar.
Dogs are also naturally looking for such food.
This is why they often eat herbivores' feces, and sometimes even the contents / contents of their intestines (e.g. when gutting freshly slaughtered farm animals or hunting) to facilitate peristalsis and relieve the intestines.
The gut contents are already partially digested and the fermentation process taking place in it multiplies the beneficial bacteria and enzymes.
Dogs once complemented it by hunting, and now our dogs have a problem with it.
It is also important that the dog comes into contact with soil microorganisms.
They will also help his gut microflora.
So let's let the pet play in the mud sometimes (even though we can have more cleaning at home later), dig it in the ground, drink dirty water from a puddle.
Avoid your dog eating the feces of other animals - it is a hotbed of disease and the bacteria it contains are dangerous.
However, without the risk of an upset stomach, it is recommended to provide a ready-made balanced industrial feed.
When preparing meals at home, it is difficult to maintain the right balance of nutrients.
Sources used >>