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Scottish shepherd collie: character, care and predisposition to diseases

Scottish shepherd collie

The races scottish shepherd collie I don't think you need any introduction.

The title character of the book by Eric Knight and the film and series "Lassie, come back! "Is known all over the world to such an extent that some Collies simply call " Lassie ".

Meanwhile, it is a very old breed, which appeared in Scotland as early as the Middle Ages, and its ancestors are hybrids of local sheepdogs with dogs brought to the British Isles by the Romans at the beginning of our era.

These dogs were called Colley, Coally or Coaly, which probably comes from Old English and means "black ".

Other sources mention the colley, a breed of black-headed sheep that shepherds used to guard as herding dogs.

Today the collie is a companion dog rather than a working dog, although it is often used in the dogotherapy and as guard dogs.

  • Scottish shepherd dog character
  • Scottish shepherd dog appearance
  • Scottish Shepherd Grooming
  • Scottish Shepherd disease
    • Collie Eye Disease
    • Double row of eyelashes
    • Pancreatic islet (insulinoma)
    • Ulcerative idiopathic dermatitis of Scottish and Shetland sheepdogs
    • Vitiligo in a collie
    • Cutaneous disc lupus
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Hip dysplasia
    • Congenital fragility of bones
    • Botalla's cord survived
    • Renal amyloidosis
    • Epilepsy in Scottish Sheepdogs
    • Food allergy in a collie
    • Hypersensitivity to ivermectin and milbemycin
  • Is it worth choosing a Scottish Shepherd Dog??

Scottish shepherd dog character

Scottish shepherd dog character

Returning over and over to little Joe Lassie, she has become a symbol of dog loyalty.

And in fact, dogs of this breed are characterized by extraordinary attachment to their owners.

They are very sensitive and need to feel close to people.

They like to look after and play with children.

At the same time, they also defend their family and are distrustful of strangers, which makes them good guardians.

They are gentle, cheerful, quick-witted and fairly easy to train.

Like all puppies, they require early socialization and learning about different types of stimulus to grow up to be well-mannered and easy-going family members.

Scottish shepherd dog appearance

Scottish shepherd dog appearance

The Scottish Shepherd Collie is an elegant dog with a well-proportioned and harmonious build.

The height at the withers for a male is 56 - 61 cm with a weight of 20 - 29 kg, and for a female it is 51 - 56 cm with a weight of 18 - 25 kg.

  • The wedge-shaped head tapers gradually towards the nose.
  • Jaws strong, with a set of large teeth set in a scissor bite.
  • Almond-shaped, brown or blue eyes with intelligent and gentle expression.
  • Ears of medium size, directed towards the front and tapering towards the top.
  • The arched neck becomes a strong back.
  • Deep chest with well sprung ribs.
  • Long tail, raised in action and lowered at rest.
  • The limbs are straight and muscular, finished with oval feet.

Its characteristic feature is smooth movement, during which the forelimbs are lined up and the hind limbs move in parallel.

Due to the length of the coat, there are 2 types:

  • shorthair - short and close top coat and a dense undercoat
  • longhair - rough and long topcoat, the most abundant on the neck where it forms a ruff, on the tail and forelimbs

Color of collie:

Acceptable colors:

  • swarthy,
  • tricolor,
  • marbled.

All types may have white markings on:

  • bridge of the nose,
  • head,
  • collar,
  • limbs,
  • fingers,
  • the tail.

You can also see what the Scottish Shepherd Collie looks like in the video below

Collie vs ball
Watch this video on YouTube

Scottish Shepherd Grooming

How to care for a Scottish Collie?

The Scottish Shepherd Collie has a beautiful, abundant coat that needs to be cared for intensively and consistently.

Due to the dense undercoat, it is advisable to comb the dead hair frequently so that it does not clump into tangles and obstruct the access of air to the skin.

The hair is resistant to environmental conditions and protects against getting wet, while the muddy hair can be wiped off with a towel after a walk.

We bathe the dog when it is needed, remembering to comb it both before and after it is soaked.

Scottish Shepherd disease

Scottish Shepherd disease

Collie Eye Disease

Collie eye disease is an inherited disease with local underdevelopment of the reflective membrane and insufficient pigmentation of the choroid and retina.

The choroid vessels are tortuous and brittle, which may lead to the formation of petechiae on the surface of the retina and in the vitreous body.

In mild disease, the pigment content may mask choroidal hypoplasia.

Diagnostics is based on a genetic test by PCR of blood or rich cell swabs.

There is no treatment and sick individuals are eliminated from breeding.

Double row of eyelashes

The double row of eyelashes is a defect consisting in the occurrence of the second row of eyelashes, which may irritate the surface of the cornea and the conjunctiva of the eyeball.

The only method of treatment is surgical removal of the additional eyelashes.

Pancreatic islet (insulinoma)

Pancreatic islet is a cancer of the beta cells in the pancreas that causes excessive release into the blood insulin.

Consequently, the amount of glucose in the blood decreases and it comes to hypoglycemia with all its symptoms.

The most common are:

  • seizures,
  • muscle tremors,
  • increased appetite,
  • fainting.

Glucose is not always lowered in a blood test.

Blood insulin level tests are used to deepen the diagnostics.

Treatment consists of surgical removal of the tumor, if the lesion is operative.

In the case of metastases or the inability to perform the procedure, conservative treatment is usually used in the form of glucose infusions and oral administration of glucocorticosteroids.

Ulcerative idiopathic dermatitis of Scottish and Shetland sheepdogs

Ulcerative idiopathic dermatitis is an immune disease that occurs in middle-aged and elderly dogs.


  • a vesicular rash in the armpits and groin,
  • the presence of ulceration sites clearly demarcated from healthy skin.

The changes are painful and can also be located in:

  • around the eyes,
  • on the auricles,
  • on the fingertips.

The histopathological examination of the skin section allows for the final diagnosis.

Treatment is based on the use of steroids, antibiotics, vitamin E and pentoxifylline.

The prognosis is conservative due to the possibility of recurrence.

Albinism in a collie

Vitiligo is an inherited disease caused by an autoimmune response directed against melanocytes.

In animals affected by it, focal depigmentation is observed:

  • nose,
  • lips,
  • oral mucosa.
This disease is only a cosmetic defect and cannot be treated.

Cutaneous disc lupus

This disease begins with discoloration and disappearance of the structure of the so-called. "Cobblestones " in the area of ​​the nose mirror.

Then, pustules form, which also cover the skin on the bridge of the nose.

The final diagnosis is made on the basis of a cytological or histopathological examination of the skin section.

Treatment of less advanced cases consists in limiting exposure to the sun, using sunscreen (min. 15) and vitamin E in high doses.

More advanced states require lubrication with steroid ointments and often administering immunosuppressive drugs orally.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

It is a multi-factorial disease.

The mechanism of changes in the body is related to production autoantibodies, damage to keratinocytes, the formation of cell infiltrates and an increase in the so-called. antinuclear antibodies (ANA).

Clinical symptoms are also diverse and we divide them into large and small.

Major symptoms include:.in:

  • inflammation of muscles and joints,
  • proteinuria,
  • thrombocytopenia,
  • bullous dermatitis,
  • hemolytic anemia.

For minor symptoms:

  • fever,
  • mouth ulcers,
  • enlargement of the lymph nodes.

The most common skin changes are:

  • finger pad hyperkeratosis,
  • pyoderma,
  • erosive changes in the lips.

In order to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to test the level of antinuclear antibodies in the blood and histopathology of the skin, but a negative result does not exclude the disease.

Treatment is based on the use of glucocorticosteroids at immunosuppressive doses, but the prognosis is cautious.

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia consists in a defective shape and mismatch of individual elements of the hip joint or their too loose connection.

The condition is poligenetic, but environmental factors, such as the diet during the growth period and the amount of exercise your dog receives, also contribute to its occurrence.

Most often, symptoms of dysplasia are noticed in aged dogs 6-12 months, but the first symptoms may appear already in 2-month-old puppies.

Symptoms that indicate HD include:

  • reluctance to move,
  • frequent lying down during walks,
  • the so-called. rabbit jumping,
  • stiff gait.

The diagnosis is made by the veterinarian on the basis of the data obtained during the interview, clinical examination and X-ray image under sedation.

Treatment for HD can be conservative or operative.

Conservative methods improve the animal's quality of life, but do not cure the disease causally. The possibility of surgical treatment depends on the age and severity of degenerative changes.

Congenital fragility of bones

Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited disease characterized by a disturbance in the production of bone tissue caused by a mutation in the bone the gene encoding type I collagen.

Deficiency of this collagen leads to the fact that the bones, despite their normal size, become brittle and cannot withstand loads that would not be a problem for them on a daily basis.

Puppies suffering from brittle bones show movement disorders and painfulness, e.g. when picking them up.

Milk teeth turn pink or crumble due to too thin enamel.

Multiple bone fractures can also occur.

The basis for the diagnosis is a clinical examination and a characteristic image on X-rays, where the reduced bone density is clearly visible and the cortical layer is thinned.

The prognosis is cautious as there is no cure for this disease.

Botalla's cord survived

Botalla's patent duct is a hereditary, congenital defect, consisting in not closing the so-called. Botal's ductus arteriosus, which in utero connects the aorta with the pulmonary artery, which ignores the inactive pulmonary circulation in the fetus.

The result is heart overload, hypoxia and pulmonary congestion.

Characteristic for this defect is the so-called. machine murmur, audible during auscultation, mainly on the left side of the chest in the form of a continuous murmur.

Surgical treatment is recommended, consisting in surgical closure of the Botalla duct.

Renal amyloidosis

Renal amyloidosis is a condition in which an insoluble complex of proteins and saccharides (amyloid) build up within the glomeruli and the blood vessels of the kidneys.

It leads to interstitial nephritis and kidney failure.

It is accompanied by massive proteinuria, and the diagnosis of amyloidosis is established with a kidney biopsy.

Treatment is based on fighting uremia symptoms and supporting kidney function. The prognosis is cautious.

Epilepsy in Scottish Sheepdogs

Epilepsy is a group of symptoms associated with abnormal discharge from the nervous system.

May be idiopathic (for no apparent reason) or functional (accompany systemic diseases or diseases of the nervous system).

It is manifested most often by seizures, associated with loss of consciousness and involuntary urination or defecation.

Often the attack is preceded by the so-called. aura, when the dog senses an approaching attack and then either looks for contact with the owner or, on the contrary, hides.

The goal of treatment is to minimize the frequency of attacks.

As your dog will need to take medication for the rest of his life, it is important to find and treat the underlying disease if possible.

Anticonvulsants are given continuously when the frequency of attacks is greater than once a month.

The most commonly used anticonvulsants in dogs are phenobarbital, potassium bromide and imepitoin.

Food allergy in a collie

A food allergy is the body's immune response to food allergens.

As a result of their local action, intestinal permeability is disturbed, most often manifested by diarrhea, and the general action leads to pruritus and urticaria.

Treatment primarily covers diet therapy, that is, the application elimination diet or veterinary feed hypoallergenic if analergic for a period of at least 4-6 weeks and symptomatic treatment - antipruritic and treatment of possible complicated fungal or bacterial infections.

Hypersensitivity to ivermectin and milbemycin

Hypersensitivity to ivermectin and milbemycin is one of the basic dysfunctions that can occur in collie sheepdogs.

It is caused by a mutation within the gene MDR-1, which encodes information on the structure of a transport protein that is part of the blood-brain barrier.

This mutation increases the permeability of this barrier for certain substances, which results in the disturbance of the functions of the nervous system.

Administration of drugs containing ivermectin or milbemycin causes in dogs with the mutation:

  • seizures,
  • salivation,
  • coma,
  • death.

Treatment is symptomatic treatment only.

The caregiver must also know about the possibility of this mutation, who often buys preparations for fleas or deworming himself.

Other substances that may cause similar symptoms in hypersensitive patients include:.in. loperamide (ingredient Stopoperan), digoxin (cardiac drug), doxycycline (antibiotic) i cyclosporine (immunosuppressive lake).

Therefore, it is worth testing your dog for this mutation, as long as the tests were not performed in breeding.

The material for diagnosis is whole blood or a buccal swab.

Is it worth choosing a Scottish Shepherd Dog??

Is it worth choosing a Scottish Shepherd Dog??

Scottish Collies are extremely patient and gentle dogs.

They are especially suitable for families with children, where they will be able to have a lot of contact with their household members.

They will be happy to look after our kids, who in turn will gladly repay them with time devoted to play.

They are active dogs but do not require a significant amount of exercise.

Rather, they are not suitable for people who will not have time for them and force them to spend long hours alone.

Collies also get along well with other animals and can be kept with them without the risk of aggressive behavior on their part.

They are beautiful dogs that look very elegant, but you have to remember that abundant coat often requires time-consuming care.

Sources used >>

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