Sphynx cat: nature, care and the most common diseases of sphinxes
Sphinx cat otherwise called Canadian hairless sphinx, it looks like a visitor from outer space.
His skin is pale and wrinkled and completely hairless, which looks quite peculiar.
If we add to it big eyes and a triangular head with sharp features, then write out color E.T. ?
The name of the breed is most likely related to the similarity to the ancient monuments of the Egyptian sphinxes depicting the figures of cats of that time.
The first mentions of naked cats took place in antiquity, but the origins of this particular breed are relatively little distant in time, as the first representatives of it were born quite recently, and more precisely in 1966.
These kittens were born in Canada from a pair of ordinary shorthair cats, as a result of a recessive mutation of genes responsible for natural hair growth, and they liked the breeders so much that they decided to make them a separate breed.
Therefore, the selection of cats in terms of the aforementioned mutation began, which was led by the Dutch, Canadians and Americans together.
In this way, two varieties were created - American and European, and finally the sphinx pattern was approved in 1998.
Today, these cats enjoy unflagging popularity all over the world.
Some love them, others just the opposite.
One thing is for sure, you cannot pass by them indifferently.
- Cat sphinx in nature
- What does the sphinx look like?
- Cat sphinx description
- Care and nutrition of sphinxes
- Cat sphinx disease
- Neonatal isoerythrolysis
- Mitral valve dysplasia
- Hypersensitivity to the sun's rays
- Hereditary myopathy
- Is it worth choosing a sphinx?
Cat sphinx in natureCat sphinx in nature
Sphinxes are considered friendly and social cats.
They are very active and agile, they like to jump on furniture and climb on curtain poles, from which, if they fall, then on four feet.
There are plenty of them everywhere.
They are not overly focused on caresses and are unlikely to lie in their lap all day long, but they willingly accompany him in his daily activities with a clear curiosity and enthusiasm that is characteristic of them.
Anyway, stroking the soft, warm fur undoubtedly brings pleasure and relief for the stroking, but such naked skin? Maybe not necessarily ?
Activity or rather hyperactivity of these animals is most noticeable in young kittens, and with age they will become a little "mature".
Cat of the sphinx breed has a compatible nature and gets along well with other pets.
It can be kept in an apartment with both dogs and cats, but there are also loners who prefer to be the only ones.
Canadian sphynx cats they meow quite loudly and often, communicating their moods.
Due to their delicate skin and low tolerance to temperature extremes, they tend to prefer sofa living conditions at home.
What does the sphinx look like?What does the sphinx look like?
The appearance of the sphinxes is quite distinctive and I think no one would have a problem recognizing them.
Naked, wrinkled skin and a menacing look peeking out from under the wrinkles are their distinguishing features.
They are medium-sized cats with a muscular body.
Males are clearly larger than females - the weight of males is approx. 4-6 kg, and females 3-4 kg.
Cat sphinx descriptionCat sphinks description
- Head of medium size, wedge-shaped, with slightly prominent cheekbones, a flat forehead and a pronounced chin.
- The ears are large, wide, rounded at the ends.
- Gray-blue nose with a slightly downward curved tip.
- Large, lemon-shaped eyes may be of various colors (the so-called. heterochromia).
- Neck well muscled, rounded.
- A pronounced neck, especially in males.
- Chest broad, abdomen clearly rounded.
- Limbs muscular, hind legs slightly longer than the front legs.
- Thicker paw pads than other representatives of this species are also characteristic.
- The fingers are long and slender, like a pianist's ?
- Flexible tail, tapering towards the tip, pompom on its tip permitted.
Of course, there is no hair cover as such.
Kittens are covered with light fluff, which decreases with age.
The standard permits tufts of hair around the nose and on the outer side of the auricles.
Sphynx cats come in practically all colors, so we can meet blue or black Canadian sphynxes.
Care and nutrition of sphinxesNutrition of sphinxes
Of course, the Sphinx does not need to be combed, but its delicate skin requires special care.
The discharge from the skin's sebaceous glands that naturally traps in the hair is visible in nude cats as an orange-brown greasy coating.
Its increased amount accumulates mainly in the ear canals and interdigital spaces, so you need to take special care of these areas.
It is best to remove earwax with a slightly greased cotton swab or cotton wool.
The whole body also requires cleansing in the form of baths, usually 2-3 times a month.
We wash the cat with a delicate washcloth so as not to irritate its skin.
If we want to take a cat with us on a trip, e.g. to the beach, remember to protect it with creams with a UV filter, because you may get burned.
Similarly, low temperatures are not favorable for those nude girls that catch a cold easily, so people who like to dress and change their pets will have the use of.
Sphinxes also have a tendency to gain weight, so you should pay attention to what you feed them and, above all, how much.
What to feed a sphinx cat? Commercial foods work well, but of course you can add some variety to this menu with the addition of cooked meat, vegetables or rice, if your cat tolerates them well.
Cat sphinx diseaseCat sphinx disease
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heart disease in which the heart muscles thicken.
It may concern the walls of the ventricle, the interventricular septum, or both of these structures at the same time.
Such an overgrowth may be symmetrical or concern only a part of the muscle.
The thickened heart muscle becomes stiff and makes it difficult for the chambers of the heart to contract and fill with blood.
Cats with this condition may not show clinical signs for a long time.
Over time, symptoms of heart failure appear (most often shortness of breath and fluid in the chest), symptoms of thromboembolism (hind limb paralysis, pain-related vocalization) or sudden death.
The diagnostic test for the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the echo of the heart, which allows the assessment of the thickness of its walls.HCM cannot be completely cured, but there are drugs that are properly selected to prolong and improve your cat's quality of life.
Isoerythrolysis occurs when there is a mismatch of blood groups between mother and offspring.
Then it comes to the so-called serological conflict.
Among sphinxes, it is estimated that approximately 17% of the population has blood type B, and 83% - group A.
When mating a female cat with blood group B with a male with group A, kittens can have both group A and B.
Since most of the antibodies found in colostrum come from the mother's blood, therefore in the colostrum of a female cat with group B, there will be a significant amount of anti-A antibodies.
Kittens A, while suckling milk, take up antibodies against their own blood cells, and as a result, they develop haemolytic disease.
It can only affect some kittens and it can be different.
In the acute course, sudden deaths occur, and in the acute course, the development of kittens is inhibited.
As a result of myoglobinuria, urine turns brown, anemia and jaundice develop.
In kittens that survive the acute form, necrosis of the tail and the edges of the auricles appears.To avoid serological conflict, male and female blood types should be determined prior to conception.
Mitral valve dysplasia
Mitral valve dysplasia consists in a defective arrangement of papillary muscles, combined with a defect of valve leaflets and often tendon chords.
Auscultation is found in kittens to murmur over the valve, without obvious clinical signs.
Over time, depending on the severity of the defect, symptoms of heart failure may occur, associated with the return of blood to the atria.
Diagnostics is based on the study of the heart echo with flows.Treatment consists in supporting the heart function with the use of ACE inhibitors and diuretics.
Hypersensitivity to the sun's rays
As the skin is hairless and delicate, it is exposed to sunburn and dermatitis caused by UV rays.
Then the skin erythema and peels off.
Black or brown scabs may appear with prolonged exposure.
For prophylaxis, avoid high sun exposure and use sunscreen specially designed for cats.
It is a genetic disease that causes muscle weakness due to impaired flow of nerve impulses.
The first symptoms are already visible in a few weeks old kittens and they gradually worsen up to about 9 months of age.
Affected cats have mobility problems and tire quickly.
There may also be muscle spasms and tremors.
The muscles of the esophagus are also weakened, which leads to the formation of the so-called. giant esophagus and, as a consequence, swallowing disorders which may lead to choking.
Diagnosis is difficult and most often involves the collection of muscle tissue for histopathological examination.
There is also a possibility of genetic tests that indicate sick cats (homozygotes), carriers (heterozygotes) and cats without the presence of mutations.
Is it worth choosing a sphinx?The Canadian Sphinx's disposition
Sphynxes are quite specific cats, not only in terms of their grotesque appearance, but also in character, and they are recommended to experienced cat lovers.
They are suitable for apartments and do not need a lot of space, although it is good for them to climb and practice balancing skills.
Be careful where you put it, because the cat is able to squeeze in anywhere, but it does it with grace.
Unless he accidentally knocks something with a fat belly.
They like company, but not too much.
They get bored themselves, which they announce by loud meowing, so when buying a sphinx, it is worth thinking about a companion for him, be it a cat or a dog.
Sphinx cats they have a lot of energy, so they look for sensations everywhere, fortunately people who are not physically active do not have to be afraid that they will not meet their needs, because they do not have to run on a leash or behind a bicycle.
It is enough to play with a cat in the privacy of your home.You can often hear the opinion that cats are 'hypoallergenic', but this is not entirely true. Allergies in humans are most often caused by proteins found in the sebaceous glands and saliva of cats, not the hair.
Paradoxically, then, due to the fact that sphinxes produce more this sebum, they can intensify the symptoms of allergy.
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