Persian cat: character and diseases [Lek wet Jarosław Sałek
Persian cat is a frequent patient in veterinary clinics. However, this is probably due to the popularity, not the morbidity of this breed.Persian cat
Due to the interesting, fluffy appearance, cat enthusiasts often choose the Persian.
Cats of this breed came to Europe from Iran, previously being Persia.
In this article you will find information about the nature and the most important diseases to which these animals are predisposed.
Some of them are hereditary, so if you want to choose a persian, it is important to check that the kitten is not burdened with them by his parents.
- What a Persian cat looks like?
- Persian cat character
- Persian cat care
- Persian cat disease
- Kidney polycystosis
- Botal's cord survived
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Persians
- Paternal anastomosis in a Persian
- Persian eye diseases
- Pilobezoars in a Persian cat
- Hereditary deafness
- Variation within the race
- FIP at pers
- For whom the Persian cat will be the perfect breed?
What a Persian cat looks like?What a Persian cat looks like?
Persian cat weighs from 4 to 7 kg.
Animals of this breed are characterized by very clear and round eyes, the color of which depends on the color of the coat.
Persians are medium-sized cats with a massive body build.
- Small ears with rounded tips.
- The flattened face occurs in the subtype of the so-called. pake-faced, therefore they belong to the group of animals brachycephalic.
- On the other hand, the traditional Persian cat has a moderately flattened visceral skull.
- The feet are large, rounded, with tufts of hair between the toes.
- The tail is short and carried low.
- Cats owe their great popularity to their coat.
- The coat is abundant, spiky, but with a fine topcoat covered with a dense and soft undercoat.
- A well visible ruff and a jabot.
- The tail is very hairy.
The hair cover should not be woolly.
We distinguish a different type of coat:
- silver smoke,
- chinchilla (emerald or blue-green eyes),
- white with eyes of different colors.
In Europe, smoky silver individuals with copper eyes are referred to as Pewter.
Persian cat character
They are described as delicate and gentle cats, calm and emotional.
Persian cat he speaks not very loudly, adapts easily to the environment.
Very he likes to play, but he is not a fan of jumping and climbing.
Persian cat careHow often to bathe a persian?
High care requirements are based on 1-2 times a day, which prevents the formation of tangles.Combing a Persian cat should take approx 15 minutes.
Regular baths, about Once a month help to keep the coat in perfect condition.
Due to the shallow seating of the eyes, it often occurs obstruction of nasolacrimal tubules therefore it is necessary daily toilet medial corner of the eyes and the folds below.Persian cat: eye toilet
Such activities prevent discoloration of the hair and skin inflammation.
Persian cat very much moults intensely, especially seasonally.Persians have a lot too tendency to obesity, therefore, they should be provided with exercise and the daily food intake should be monitored.
Due to the rich body hair, it is necessary for Persians to use decompressors, which may be in the form of a paste Bezo-Pet, if Malt, or in the form of dry food Fiber.
Persian cat diseaseWhat do Persians suffer from?
Persians are vulnerable PKD, that is polycystic kidney disease, also referred to kidney cystic disease.Kidney polycystosis in Persian cats is a conditioned disease genetically.
Cell proliferation as a result of stimulation by various substances leads to the formation of interstitial cysts.
Most often, cysts form in both kidneys.
Initially, no symptoms are observed.
The first symptoms occur between 3-10 years of age, and most often around 7 years old kitten. That's when we can observe it tubulointerstitial nephritis.
Most often this continues until kidney failure develops.
Sometimes large cysts are detected accidentally during palpation of the abdominal cavity, and are confirmed by examination Ultrasound.
Kidney cystic disease is not treated.
In the case of the development of renal failure, it is carried out fluid therapy and supportive therapy.
Botal's cord survived
A much rarer heart disease is surviving Botal's wire.
This tube is the connection between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, which should close within 1-2 days after delivery.
As a result of the patent ductus left heart overload, pulmonary stasis, hypoxia and polycythemia occur.
Clinical symptoms may be invisible until changes in the heart appear due to its overload, but a symptom typical of patent Botal's duct is the so-called. machine murmur occurring during the contraction and diastole of the heart.
The only treatment is surgical closure of a persistent vessel.
After the procedure, Persian cats live normally and the prognosis is very good.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in PersiansThe Pers race is genetically biased heart disease - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
It is characterized by a thickening of the myocardial wall, which always leads to diastolic dysfunction by increasing its stiffness and making it difficult to relax.
Additionally, it results from the fibrosis of the muscle fibers.
This pathology leads to blood stagnation in the pulmonary circulation and pulmonary edema.
The disease affects both cats that are several months old and those that are old.
A mild persian cat may be asymptomatic for many years.
The symptomatic form, on the other hand, is characterized by signs respiratory failure of varying severity or acute thromboembolism.
In Persian cats suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is observed:
- increase in respiratory rate,
- winding, shortness of breath,
- less often cough,
It is often auscultated heart murmurs, associated with mitral valve regurgitation or gallop rhythm S4.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of the photo X-ray which shows the enlargement of the left atrium and left ventricular hyperplasia, as well as on the base echocardiographic examination of the heart, allowing the thickness of the organ wall to be measured.
Treatment is based on facilitating the filling of the ventricles, reducing blood stagnation, minimizing arrhythmias and ischemia.
The prognosis depends on the patient's compliance with treatment, but such cases are carefully to the wrong.
Paternal anastomosis in a Persian
Many diseases occurring in all cats concern liver.In Persian cats, more frequent occurrence of congenital pathology as compared to cats of other breeds was observed portal-collateral anastomosis.
Portal-lateral anastomosis is the formation of a pathological vessel connecting the extrahepatic portal systemic vasculature with the posterior vena cava.
As a result of the presence of such a connection, the liver is improperly supplied with blood and nourished, which undergoes abnormal development and is much smaller.
As a result of impaired liver development, clinical symptoms characteristic of hepatic encephalopathy are observed:
- increased water uptake.
Most often, such individuals, before they develop neurological symptoms, are smaller, develop more slowly and clearly stand out from the herd.
A test is used to diagnose the presence of a portal-collateral anastomosis in a Persian cat Doppler ultrasound, and also performs determination of bile acids or determination of serum ammonia concentration.
In the event of mild symptoms, it is initially sufficient to maintain an appropriate low-protein diet that will reduce the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy.
Also applies lactulose, which acidifies the intestinal environment and reduces the bacterial flora.
Currently, most anastomoses are treated surgically.
The procedure involves surgical gradual closure of the vessel lumen.
Persian eye diseases
The tendency to eye disease is common.
Persians tend to be difficult to heal corneal ulcers.
The ulcer only affects the superficial layer of the corneal epithelium and, unless uncomplicated, it does not extend deeper into the stroma.
During treatment that lasts on average 5 weeks, the patients also showed a tendency to develop a corneal hematoma.
The therapy uses anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics in the form of drops.
Application is an innovative and very effective method of treatment platelet-rich plasma administered for a corneal ulcer.
The aforementioned corneal necrosis appears as a local, amber discoloration of the corneal stroma.
This change becomes clearer over time and is more elevated above the surface of the cornea.
It predisposes to its occurrence the brachycephalic facial skeleton of Persians.
The lesion is centrally located, it can separate, and the ulcer that has formed is even healed 2-6 months, or you can it surgically remove.
Pilobezoars in a Persian cat
Due to the density and length of the coat, there is a high risk of pilobezoar obstruction. These are hair balls, that form in the digestive tract.
Cats swallow hair that should have been passed through vomiting or in faeces when they perform their daily toilet.
Excessive amounts of hair that are swallowed clump together to form sticky masses.
They lead to an obstruction that manifests itself:
- not passing feces,
- abdominal soreness,
- lack of appetite.
In Persians, such an obstruction can sometimes be felt by palpating the abdominal cavity.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of Ultrasound and X-ray preferably with contrast.
Unfortunately often hair balls must be removed by surgery.
In order to prevent the formation of balls, it should be administered prophylactically debuffing pastes, which facilitate the expulsion of residual hair.
You can read more about hair balls in the article: "Bezoars in a cat "
Hereditary deafness in a Persian cat is associated with the dominant gene that determines the white color of a cat (W).
A BAER test is performed to confirm deafness.
Variation within the race
In breed cats Persian blood group B is present in a smaller percentage.
There is a geographical variation in the occurrence of the blood group in Persian cats, but this feature is so widespread that it is always advisable to determine the blood group before mating or blood transfusions.
Due to the presence of blood group B, there is a risk of occurrence neonatal erythrocyte isoerythrolysis.
In all Persian cats with blood group B and kittens giving birth for the first time are circulating anti-A antibodies.Cross between a female cat with blood group B and a male with blood group A, may result in lysis of erythrocytes (serological conflict) in offspring with blood group A.
It occurs in such individuals hemoglobinuria and jaundice, however, symptoms do not always develop in all individuals.
FIP at pers
Additionally, Persian cats are susceptible to infection infectious peritonitis virus (FIP).
Pedigree analyzes showed high heritability of the clinical development of FIP in selected farms. At the same time, a likely multi-gene mechanism for the emergence of such susceptibility was found.
However, there was no correlation between deaths due to FIP and the degree of feline relatedness.
For whom the Persian cat will be the perfect breed?Is it worth choosing a Persian cat??
Cats are not a big challenge for the breeder by their disposition.
Persian cat perfect for children, and the high tolerance towards other animals allows it to be kept in a larger herd of various species of animals.
She feels great at home without having to leave it, that's why ideal for apartments in a block of flats.
However, it is worth remembering that having a Persian is associated with responsibility and regular care, so it is important that the owner is able to devote some of his free time to it every day.
If you want to learn more about diseases and prevention in Persian cats, let me know in the comment section below the article. I will answer your questions as soon as possible.
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