How to choose cat food in 5 steps
How to choose cat food in 5 steps
To consciously choose the diet and type of food for your cat, you do not necessarily need to complete a higher veterinary degree. You can always ask the specialists around you for advice, but everyone may have a different opinion on this. Meanwhile, feeding a healthy cat with wholesome meals is not that difficult and most of us can easily choose them ourselves. See if you are considering all the things that will help your cat and you live better together when choosing your cat's diet.
Step 1: How Much Energy Your Cat Needs (In Different Stages and Lifestyle)
- Kocię (Junior) [BET1
- Adult cat (Adult, Indoor, Sterilized)
- Mature cat (Senior 7+)
Step 2: What special needs does your cat have
- Sensitive cat
- Longhair cat (Coat & Hairball)
Step 3: How do you feed your cat?
- Dry vs wet food
Step 4: Where and how often do you shop?
- How to choose the size of packages
Step 5: What Matters for You and Your Cat?
- Complete and balanced food
- Special formulas
Step 6: How Much Energy Your Cat Needs
All creatures, big and small, need vital energy, which they get from their daily supply of energy from nutrients. Younger growing animals need more nutrients in a smaller portion, so kitten food is more energetic than senior cat food. This does not mean that they are better or worse, but that they are tailored to the cat's needs at a given stage in their life.
Most kittens grow in the first 12 months and should be fed kitten food for that long. Food for kittens provides the necessary proportions and nutrients for the proper growth of their body. If your kitten is castrated / sterilized (often between 6 and 8 months of age), do not suddenly switch to sterilized cat food. In a sterilized kitten that is still growing, keep an eye on the size of the daily amount of food served. If you see that your kitten has a tendency to gain weight, you can reduce the daily ration by 15%.
If you are feeding your kitten a complete dry kitten food, e.g. Purina® ONE® Junior rich in chicken and with whole grain, you do not have to add anything to your kitten's diet. If you give sachets at the same time, they should also be dedicated to kittens, especially if they constitute more than half of the daily portion. When extending the diet with sachets, remember to reduce the portion of dry food accordingly; the same applies to delicacies - "cat-treats ", which should not constitute more than 10% of the daily portion. It is important that your kitten develops good eating habits for life.
An adult cat
In the case of adult cats, feeds dedicated to them, e.g. Purina® ONE® Adult are generally less energetic than kittens, but more nutritious than food for less active cats. Unfortunately, many cats tend to overeat with low activity, which leads to excess weight (which is additionally supported by the sterilization procedure and the inactive lifestyle of the domestic cat). For cats with a tendency to gain weight, foods with limited energy are recommended, such as e.g. Purina® ONE® Indoor Formula rich in turkey or Purina® ONE® Sterilcat rich in beef or salmon . If your cat is overweight or obese, talk to your veterinarian about an appropriate diet for him, as losing weight requires consistency and a long time. Excessive weight increases the risk of many diseases in cats, including.in. the urinary or metabolic system (such as. diabetes). Also note that the alarming excess weight for a cat is only 1 kg above the normal body weight and it is easy to overlook it.
Energy consumption decreases with age, and energy needs and activity change. While you are away, your cat is sleeping more and more during the day, which you may not notice. Therefore, in cats over 7 years of age, it is worth reducing their energy supply to prevent overweight, which is a major risk factor for many diseases in old age. Usually, after the age of 7, some owners complain that their cats get fat quickly, and when they start to lose weight - it is mostly as a result of an illness. Therefore, it is crucial to prevent obesity, which can be helped by a balanced food in a portion, adapted to the needs of a given age, and will allow your cat to be active and healthy for longer. Senior cat food such as Purina® ONE® Senior 7+, rich in chicken, supports the cat's joints and protects the urinary tract by ensuring an optimal urine pH. Some very old cats may require additional nutrition as they lose their digestive capacity and their appetite may decline. That is why a well-balanced and easily digestible veterinary diet is important, which will help you choose your veterinarian.
Step 7: What special needs does your cat have
It is not only age and tendency to be overweight that are a guide to choosing the right diet. The Bifensis® Dual Defense formula in the Purina® ONE® line of food supports the balance of the intestinal microflora and at the same time strengthens your cat's natural defenses.
There are sensitive individuals in whom we want to use a diet to reduce the excessive reaction of both the gastrointestinal tract and often the skin. In such situations, we will give the cat a special food Purina® ONE® Sensitive rich in turkey with rice, which, thanks to the limited sources of protein and the composition of the dietary fiber, is easy to digest and reduces adverse reactions to food. Of course, there are many other reasons why your cat may be suffering from skin or food hypersensitivity, so consult your veterinarian whenever you are in doubt.
Longhair cat (Coat & Hairball)
Cats with abundant hair also have exceptional needs. This is due to the fact that the hair is mostly made of protein, so the diet of a long-haired cat should contain up to 30% more of it. As a result, the body does not "save" on the production of hair and it is beautiful, nourished and resilient. In addition, during daily care, cats remove a lot of hair with their tongues, which can lead to gastrointestinal obstruction and even malabsorption of nutrients from food. Therefore, the food of such a cat must be rich in fiber and prebiotics derived from, among others.in. made from whole grains to help move the hair balls through the digestive tract. By feeding Purina® ONE® Coat & Hairball daily, you will see your cat losing less hair and its coat becoming more beautiful day after day.
Step 8: How do you feed your cat?
Some of us choose cats as companions because they can handle our long absence at home better. However, cats also need companionship. It is worth considering a friend for our purring friend so that he does not feel lonely.
When leaving the house for a long time, the cat is usually left with a large bowl of dry food. This is not the optimal way to feed your cat and leads to overeating, which can end up being overweight. Since excess kilograms are the main cause of cat disease, including urinary tract disease, it is worth reviewing how your cat is fed to lower the risk of overfeeding.
Dry vs wet food
The dry foods are concentrated, so the daily needs of the cat are met by small amounts, i.e. less than a cup of balanced dry food. On the other hand, wet foods naturally contain over of water, so you need to give them at least 3 times more during the day. Whichever form of food you choose, your cat should always have access to clean, fresh water.
If we are going out all day, we will want to leave the cat a bowl with dry food. However, it is worth dividing the meals and combining the two feeding methods. When you get up in the morning, give one sachet (or a half) of the dish at a time, then when you go to work, leave 1/3 of the daily portion of dry food in the bowl, when you come back give the cat another sachet (or the other half), and in the evening, add the rest of the dry food to the food. bowls. Remember to store wet food in the refrigerator after opening, and after taking it out of it, be sure to warm it up (e.g. in a cup of hot water).
Depending on whether you will be feeding more wet or dry, this will affect your cat drinking more or less water, which you can read more about [here. If you can feed your cat in small portions every 2-3 hours, that would be the most natural and healthiest for them. But, unfortunately, our life schedule often does not allow such care for a cat, so it is worth considering and finding a reasonable solution. Automatic feeders and various interactive toys can also help.
Step 9: Where and how often do you shop?
It is worth considering our basic purchasing habits, because your cat will not eat food…
which you won't buy him. How often you shop at a smaller or larger grocery store, drugstore, pet store or the Internet allows you to determine the size and frequency of purchases for your cat.
How to choose the size of packages?
An average-sized cat eats less than a cup of dry food per day. Usually, a 800g package is enough for about two weeks, and 1.5 kg for a month of feeding a cat [1. Meanwhile, wet food has to be fed in three times as much, so cat sachets and small cans are sold in multiple packs. An average cat that is fed only wet food for the day will need 3-4 sachets of a dish at a time or small cans (weighing between 85-100 g). Therefore, depending on the place and frequency of shopping, it is worth recalculating the size of food packaging for our cat so that it will last for a long time.
Step 10: What Matters for You and Your Cat?
When you choose Purina® food for your cat, you choose the knowledge and over 125 years of experience of a pet food manufacturer. Thanks to selected suppliers and raw materials, the products meet the highest expectations in their category. Purina® ONE® does not contain artificial additives, and most of the raw materials used in its production are obtained in a sustainable manner and classified as fit for human consumption. In addition to providing the necessary minimum indicated to producers by international organizations such as FEDIAF, Purina® feeds are more nutritious than generally accepted standards, as well as richer in unique, often proprietary formulas with a visible impact on cat health confirmed by research. It is thanks to this that by feeding your cat Purina® ONE® foods you will be able to observe visible changes day by day, and you and your cat will live better together.
[1 with the correct dosage, e.g. Purina® ONE® Dual Nature feed The daily amount for an average cat with a body weight of 4 kg is 55 g