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Canary Dog: nature, care and diseases of the Dogo Canario

Canary Dog

Canary Dog it is not a very old breed, and its beginnings date back to the 16th century.

Canary dog comes from the Canary Islands, including.in. from a popular holiday resort today - Gran Canaria, where they were used as guard dogs, guarding herds and fighting dogs, successfully taking part in fights.

They were crossed with bulldogs and mastiffs imported from England in order to obtain the best qualities predisposing them to win.

With the introduction of regulations forbidding dog fights, their popularity decreased significantly.

Canary dog ​​breed it was reborn in breeding from only a dozen or so specimens in the 1980s. also in Spain.

In 1989. The FCI approved the official standard assigning the Dogo Canario to Group 2.

  • Canary dog ​​character
  • Canary Island breed description
    • Dogo canario weight
    • Canary dog ​​appearance
    • Canary Dog coat
  • Canary dog ​​grooming
  • Canary Dog disease
    • Hip dysplasia
    • Elbow dysplasia
    • Juvenile osteitis
    • Dilation and torsion of the stomach
    • Wobbler syndrome
    • Idiopathic epilepsy
    • Entropium
    • Hypothyroidism
  • Is it worth choosing a Great Dane??

Canary dog ​​character

Canary dog ​​character

Canary Dog he is basically a dog with a balanced character, who is as loyal and gentle as a lamb towards his owners, but towards strangers - distrustful and cautious.

Its appearance and fierce gaze evoke respect, so it is an ideal guard and defense dog.

He does not attack without a reason and always reacts adequately to the situation.

Paradoxically, he is caring for children and very attached to them.

Of course, if not driven in the wrong way, it can become dangerous, so the owner should be an experienced and consistent person.

He is an active dog and needs a large dose of outdoor exercise.

He will definitely feel better living on the property, where he will have the opportunity to run freely, than in a cramped apartment.

It is resistant to environmental conditions, strong and durable.

She doesn't like excessively high temperatures, but tolerates them much better than other mastiffs.

Canary Dog, as he comes from the islands and grew up somewhat surrounded by water, he loves to swim and in addition he does it perfectly.

He is not very friendly towards animals, so if you want to keep him with other dogs, it is better to do so while he is still a puppy.

He has a dominant tendency and can be aggressive towards other dogs, especially if they do not want to give him the role of the alpha male.

Canary Island breed description

Canary Island breed description

Perro de Presa Canario is a dog with a respectable strong and proportional figure.

Dogo canario weight

The body weight of a male dog is approx. 40 - 57 kg and bitches 40 - 50 kg with a height of 60 - 65 cm and 56 - 61 cm respectively.

Canary dog ​​appearance

  • Massive head with a distinct frontal furrow and fronto-nasal fracture.
  • Nose broad, black in color with large and open nostrils.
  • Lips a bit pendulous with corners turned outwards.
  • Eyes are oval shaped, set wide apart, brown in color.
  • Ears set high, rolled in the so-called. Roses.
  • A short and muscular neck becomes a straight back.
  • Chest broad and deep, belly slightly tucked up.
  • Loins slightly defined and the croup slightly rounded.
  • Long tail, set high.
  • Limbs straight and muscular.
  • Movement with long steps, slightly swaying from side to side.
  • The coat is short and rough to the touch, without an undercoat.

Canary Dog coat

Color of the dogo canario:

  • brindle (from dark brown to light gray),
  • fawn,
  • black.

White markings on neck and feet permitted.

There is a dark mask on the face.

Grooming Canary Dog

Short hair without undercoat requires much less care than long hair, although the hard and bristly hair of a Canary Island dog, which moults practically all year round, can be a real nuisance.

They stick into all materials, carpets or upholstery, where it is difficult to remove them.

Therefore, it is worth devoting time to dog brushing treatments with iron consistency and regularity, to make your life easier.

Owners of short-haired dogs are also recommended to use aerosol moisturizing skin and hair conditioners - of course those intended for dogs.

We bathe the dog only when necessary, using a dog shampoo - usually several times a year.

Canary Dog disease

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia (HD) is one of the most common degenerative joint diseases and consists in the defective shape and mismatch of individual elements of the hip joint.

The condition is poligenetic, but environmental factors, such as diet during growth and the amount of exercise you provide, also contribute to its occurrence.

Most often, symptoms of dysplasia are noticed in dogs aged 6-12 months, but the first symptoms may appear in puppies 2 months old.

Symptoms that indicate HD include:

  • reluctance to move,
  • difficulty getting up,
  • frequent lying down,
  • the so-called. rabbit jumping,
  • stiff gait,
  • sitting down a lot.

The diagnosis of dysplasia is made by the veterinarian on the basis of the data obtained during the interview, clinical examination and X-ray pictures under sedation.

Treatments for dysplasia vary depending on the age of the animal and the severity of the lesions.

Its purpose is to reduce or relieve pain and delay the development of the disease.

Conservative treatment is used in animals with mild symptoms or with periodic symptoms.

The most common surgical procedures are:

  • femoral head resection,
  • pectinectomy,
  • triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO).

Elbow dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is the abnormal development of the structures of the elbow joint.

It consists of:

  • unattached ulnar appendix
  • fragmentation of the medial peak process
  • osteochondrosis of the humerus condyle
  • mismatch of the articular surfaces

The diagnosis is made on the basis of an X-ray image and a clinical examination.

The dominant symptoms of elbow dysplasia are:

  • lameness,
  • stiff gait,
  • reluctance to bend and straighten the elbow,
  • soreness in these joints.

Most often, dysplasia is treated surgically.

Juvenile osteitis

It is a condition that is characteristic of young dogs of large breeds.

This disease, also called enostosis, can have a genetic and metabolic basis.

Giving too much calcium causes it to build up too much in the bones.

This results in an imbalance in the functions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts - osteogenic and osteogenic cells.

As a consequence, circulation disorders within the marrow cavity, swelling and soreness of long bones occur.

The most characteristic symptom is alternating lameness of the chest limbs and pain when palpating them.

Final confirmation is obtained on the basis of X-ray images.

Treatment consists of the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, restriction of exercise and dietary adjustment.

Dilation and torsion of the stomach

Gastric dilatation is an increase in its volume due to the accumulation of gases from easily fermented products, as well as excessive amounts of food eaten greedily and in too much.

Dilation and torsion of the stomach appear:

  • anxiety,
  • dying,
  • vomiting.

A sharp dilation may also be accompanied by a twist, which is an emergency requiring rapid surgical intervention.

A twist often occurs when the dog is subjected to intense physical exertion shortly after eating.

Wobbler syndrome

Wobbler Syndrome is otherwise known as Unsteadiness Syndrome.

It is caused by pressure on the spinal cord at the end of the cervical spine.

Its most common causes are deformities of the bodies or intervertebral joints.

This condition manifests itself:

  • problems with getting up,
  • sore neck,
  • unsteadiness (hence the name) and wide spacing of the hind legs,
  • in advanced cases, quadriparesis.

For diagnostics, an X-ray image is necessary, as well as myelography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Treatment is operative, and if it is not possible, pharmacological.

Idiopathic epilepsy

By idiopathic epilepsy we understand seizures of undetermined cause, i.e. not related to systemic diseases or damage to the central nervous system.

This disease manifests itself most often between the age of 1 and 5 of the dog.

If the frequency of tonic-clonic seizures is greater than 1 attack every 2 - 3 months, pharmacological treatment is introduced to reduce the number of seizures over time.

Most often, one low-strength attack per month is considered satisfactory.

The treatment mainly uses phenobarbital and potassium bromide, as well as new generation drugs such as imepitoin.


Entropion consists in the passage of a part of the eyelid towards the eyeball, which causes the eyelashes to rub against the surface of the cornea and its chronic irritation.

Often there are also:

  • conjunctivitis,
  • eyelid spasm,
  • sometimes corneal injuries.
Treatment consists in surgical correction of the eyelid.


Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disease involving a reduced production of thyroid hormones and, consequently, a reduced supply of these hormones to the body's cells.

Symptoms can vary, but the most common symptoms are:

  • gaining weight,
  • getting tired quickly,
  • wife,
  • skin changes,
  • chronic, recurrent inflammation of the ear canals,
  • increased thirst and the amount of urine required,
  • muscle spasms and paresis.

Of course, not all of these symptoms occur simultaneously in every dog.

The diagnosis consists in determining the concentration of thyroxine and TSH in the blood, and in the case of doubtful results, performing an extended thyroid profile.

The treatment uses synthetic levothyroxine in an individually determined dose and most often it must be carried out throughout life with periodic check-ups.

Is it worth choosing a Great Dane??

First of all, it should be remembered that the Canary Guardian dog is on the list of dog breeds considered aggressive, so in order to keep such a dog, you need to obtain a special permit, issued by the mayor, head of the city or the president of the city where the dog is to stay.

For this purpose, you must submit an application containing the dog's data, results of mental tests and training courses, and a description of the conditions in which the dog is / will live.

Plus, Great Danes are on this list for a reason.

When deciding to buy a dogo canario dog, remember that we will be responsible for his upbringing and behavior, as well as the possible consequences of his actions.

So let's consider if we are the right people and have the appropriate character traits and experience to be able to lead such a dog safely.

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