French Bulldog: nature and diseases [veterinarian's recommendations
What to know before buying French Bulldog?
French Bulldog also called French Bulldog is currently one of the most common street dog breeds.
The French bulldog's popularity is probably due to its charm and family disposition .
The French bulldog breed comes from France and belongs to the FCI standard No. 101 of 28.04.1995.
- What a french bulldog looks like?
- French bulldog character
- French bulldog care
- How much does a French bulldog live?
- French Bulldog disease
- Anatomical defects in French bulldogs
- Double row of eyelashes
- Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid
- Cleft palate in a bulldog
- The circle of butterflies in French bulldogs
- Bulldog allergies
- Breeding french bulldog
- For whom the French bulldog will be the perfect dog breed?
- What is the life expectancy of dogs of the French Bulldog breed?
- What diseases are French bulldogs predisposed to??
What a french bulldog looks like?What a French bulldog looks like?
French Bulldog dogs are small but chunky.
French Bulldogs weigh approx 9 kg - 14 kg. The height of French Bulldogs is proportional to their weight and is within limits 25 cm - 35 cm at the withers.
The appearance of a typical small molosser. The French Bulldog is distinguished by a muscular figure and a compact body with strong bones. Powerful in its compact form, the French Bulldog is short and well-balanced.
The French Bulldog is also characterized by smooth and short hair, a short tail, a flat face and erect ears.
The most popular colors are:
- french bulldog blue (blue),
- french bulldog black,
- less often white and black.
The head of the French bulldog is massive and square. Due to the shortened visceral skull, the French bulldog breed is classified as the so-called. the brachycephalic group.
The French Bulldog has characteristic prominent browbar arches divided by a furrow, wide protruding ears, rounded at the base, short neck without hanging dewlap.
The dog's torso is massive, well-muscled with a barrel-shaped chest. Limbs in proportion to the rest of the body, strongly muscled with a strong and short metatarsus.
You can see what the French bulldog looks like in the video below:Diamond the blue French Bulldog
Watch this video on YouTube
French bulldog characterFrench bulldog character
Dogs of this breed are very:
- full of enthusiasm,
- willing to exercise,
- willing to play,
French Bulldog can be an excellent watchman.
These dogs are constantly ready to share joy and sorrow with their guardian, they relate with tenderness towards children as well. This dog is suitable for both large families and for lonely be older people.
It needs care like any other animal, however unlike some breeds, it is very sociable breed.
French bulldog careHow to groom these dogs?
Due to belonging to the short-haired dog breeds, grooming is based on periodic brushing out of the shedding hair (e.g. once a week) current care of soiling created during a walk.
To keep the coat in very good condition, use dog hair supplements such as:
- Vita-vet hair,
- preparations enriched with B-carotene,
- omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.
Additionally, periodic baths in dog shampoos should be performed no more than 4 times a year, unless the situation requires it.
There are numerous bath shampoos on the market today.
Due to the fact that each breed of dog has a different skin pH, it is recommended to use a French Bulldog shampoo or a pH neutral shampoo.
Personally, I can recommend gray soap such as White Deer for bathing, which does not affect the pH of the animal's skin.
How much does a French bulldog live?
average life length french bulldog is approx 13-16 years.
French Bulldog diseaseFrench Bulldog disease
From a medical point of view, unfortunately French bulldogs are very frequent visitors to veterinary clinics and they often have health problems.
Anatomical defects in French bulldogs
As I mentioned before, dogs of this breed belong to the group of brachycephalic animals.
This means they have very shortened visor as a result, they have:
- defects of the larynx and trachea,
- defects of the nostrils,
- palate defects.
AT french bulldogs we observe:
- narrowing of the anterior nostrils, making it difficult to inhale air,
- an elongated palatal sail that falls too long into the larynx, causing shortness of breath,
- developmental defects of laryngeal cartilages.
These defects cause symptoms in the animal breathlessness, apnea and snoring. With highly developed defects, it may occur as a side effect defect in the structure of the heart.
Unfortunately, since these defects are anatomical and congenital, the only correction and treatment is surgical procedures.
Surgical procedures consist in shortening the soft palate, making a wedge-shaped section in the front nostrils to increase the openings to the nasal cavity and correction of the laryngeal cartilages.
Double row of eyelashes
Apart from the disadvantages related to the anatomical structure of the skull, the French bulldog often has a problem with organ of sight.
They may experience the so-called. double row of eyelashes consisting in the presence of a double row of eyelashes.
The accessory eyelashes irritate the cornea and conjunctiva, causing them to become inflamed.
Long and strong damaging effects of eyelashes may eventually lead to lash development ulcer the cornea.
Treatment of this defect is based on surgical (most often with electrocautery) removal of eyelashes.
Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid
We observe French bulldogs in dogs prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid.
The cause of this disorder is unknown, but it is thought that it may be due to the weakness of the connection between the base of the gland and the periorbital tissue.
It occurs most often in young dogs, up to 2 years of age, one or both sides.
On clinical examination, around the inner corner of the eye, a spherical pink tissue is observed sticking out from under the third eyelid.
If left untreated, the gland overgrows, tear production decreases, and conjunctivitis develops.
Treatment is based on the surgical reposition of the prolapsed gland.
Cleft palate in a bulldog
The genetically determined defect to which French bulldogs are predisposed is a cleft palate.
It manifests itself as a fissured connection between the oral and nasal cavities.
This defect may accompany cleft lip.
French bulldog puppies with this defect have a problem with feeding, they sneeze, and when they are fed by a bitch, milk comes out of the nose.
This anomaly leads to greedy pneumonia.
The only way out is surgical correction of the defect.
The circle of butterflies in French bulldogs
In dogs of this breed, a common birth defect is the so-called. circle of butterflies (semicircle).
It is a deformity involving a loss of the central part of the vertebral body.
As a result, it can lead to pressure on the spinal cord, disrupting the blood supply, ultimately causing ache and even hind limb paralysis.
The only possible way to diagnose this defect is to take an X-ray of the spine.
If a defect is found, it is recommended to limit movement and jumping in such individuals. Unfortunately, this is a defect that cannot be corrected.
In addition to all the aforementioned disadvantages, French bulldogs often end up in the office with symptoms scratching, skin lesions.
Unfortunately, bulldogs are very often allergic.
In order to find out what the dog is allergic to, allergy tests are performed.
Unfortunately, in any case, the dog must be used karma hypoallergenic, for dogs with allergies, as well as all grooming preparations used must be aimed at dogs with allergies.
Breeding french bulldog
Often, childbirth of bulldogs is solved by the method of caesarean section.
In the case of this breed, there are actually two reasons why labor is resolved by caesarean section:
- disproportion of the large head to the trunk, which is often inadequate to the width of the genital tract,
- so called one puppy syndrome.
The presence of one fetus causes too weak a signal to start labor (the signal of delivery comes from the fetuses) compared to a multiple pregnancy.
In the case of prompt surgical intervention, deliveries by caesarean section are characterized good prognosis.
For whom the French bulldog will be the perfect breed of dog?French Bulldog - is it worth choosing this breed of dog??
To sum up: adopting a French bulldog must be a smart decision, like buying any animal. Unfortunately, in the case of the French bulldog dog breed, we must bear in mind the possibility of a high probability of defects in our new family member.
Although the animal will be examined by a veterinarian before buying a French bulldog, we cannot rule out problems in this breed in the future.
French Bulldogs are very nice dogs, so despite being burdened with genetic defects, they often become a new addition in many homes and allow their owners to spend joyful moments together for many years.
What is the life expectancy of dogs of the French Bulldog breed?
The life span of French Bulldog dogs ranges from 10 to 14 years.
What diseases are French bulldogs predisposed to??
The most common diseases of French Bulldog dogs are anatomical defects, double-row eyelashes, prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid, cleft palate, butterfly circle, allergies.
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